With an annual global production of around 12, metric tons, variation in quality is inevitable.
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Canali says that cashmere made from fibers that are too short or improperly finished is liable to pill and lose its shape. In fact, some of the finer wools created by modern spinning and milling techniques are much more exclusive than cashmere. Cervelt, for instance, is made from red-deer fiber and offered by Neapolitan tailor Mariano Rubinacci. In addition, Canali has noticed increased interest in what she calls "precious" fibers, such as blends of cashmere with chinchilla or ermine. This small creature, similar to a hornless gazelle, lives in the Andes 4, meters above sea level and yields the world's most expensive fiber—four to six times as pricey as cashmere—light, warm, and super-soft.
Recently that changed.
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The company has trademarked a variety known as baby cashmere, the ounce or so of soft, downy fiber produced when Mongolian goatherds first comb the hair from their young animals; Loro Piana says it is about 20 percent softer than his regular cashmere. The shift toward lighter, softer fabrics is changing the precious-wool market. In addition to improved milling techniques and an increased appetite for novelty, changing lifestyles have wrought a dramatic transformation in the fabrics that high-end consumers are looking for.
Increased travel and the proliferation of climate-controlled environments have led to an upsurge in "trans-seasonal fabrics," says Anna Zegna, granddaughter of the founder Ermenegildo and image director of the year-old fabric and apparel brand, prompting her firm to rethink its approach to cashmere. Loro Piana has a few ideas. He recently announced the discovery of a raw material that was both new to the textile industry and "natural and antique": Burmese lotus-flower fiber.
Well, perhaps not quite the last. One species that continues to elude makers of luxury fabrics: the Tibetan antelope. The head is slightly shorter than the guanaco's and the ears are slightly longer. The length of head and body ranges from 1. It falls prey to Culpeos. A smaller, introduced population lives in central Ecuador.
The rarest fabric on Earth
In these areas, only nutrient-poor, tough, bunch grasses and Festuca grow. The sun's rays are able to penetrate the thin atmosphere , producing relatively warm temperatures during the day; however, the temperatures drop to freezing at night.
They are very shy animals, and are easily aroused by intruders, due, among other things, to their extraordinary hearing. Like the guanacos, they frequently lick calcareous stones and rocks, which are rich in salt, and also drink salt water. Mating usually occurs in March—April, and after a gestation period of about 11 months, the female gives birth to a single fawn, which is nursed for about 10 months. The fawn becomes independent at about 12 to 18 months old.
Young males form bachelor groups and the young females search for a sorority to join.
This deters intraspecific competition and inbreeding. The estimated population in Peru increased from 6, to 75, with protection by game wardens. In Bolivia, the Ulla Ulla National Reserve was founded in partly as a sanctuary for the species. Their numbers grew to , in Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Bolivia. While the population levels have recovered to a healthy level, poaching remains a constant threat, as do habitat loss and other threats.
The wool is popular due to its warmth.
Fabrics Even Finer Than Cashmere
Its properties come from the tiny scales on the hollow, air-filled fibres. It causes them to interlock and trap insulating air. The animals were shorn and then released; this was only done once every four years. At present, the Peruvian government has a labeling system that identifies all garments that have been created through a government-sanctioned chacu. This guarantees that the animal was captured, shorn alive, returned to the wild, and cannot be shorn again for another two years.
The program also ensures that a large portion of the profits return to the villagers.
Because of this, some countries have banned the importation of the wool to save the animal. Biologist Cristian Bonacic has expressed his concern about the possibility of habitat damage and the transmission of disease in the farms. Vicunas in Salar de Chalviri , Bolivia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Conservation status. Molina , Version International Union for Conservation of Nature.